He's the most mysterious and discussed figure in contemporary art and culture, but has a mathematical process uncovered his identity?

According to the Economist, it almost surely has.

Through a procedure called "geographical mapping"--previously used to solve crimes and reconcile historical anomalies and fill in gaps--biologists and criminologists have teamed up to develop methods to find criminals and prevent the spread of disease.

Based on the assumption that crimes happen within a certain proximity of the criminal's familiar surroundings, the model traces regular activity and looks for patterns indicating who might be responsible.

In this case, 140 locations of works made by Banksy were analyzed, with fingers pointing to one man: Robin Gunningham. It should be noted that Gunningham was unofficially identified as Banksy almost a decade ago, as demonstrated by this 2008 article in the Daily Mail.